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Streamline Section 16 of CGST Ac Compliance with BMA's VLCR Report

July 3, 2024

In today’s scenario of highly sensitive regulatory mechanism, Section 16(4) of the CGST Act, 2017 has been a major obstacle for all the business entities in India. Many of the enterprises have not been able to meet these provisions hence leading to high demand notices and financial burdens. This paper offers a detailed Section 16 and its sub-sections breakdown and actionable advice for any business to manage its ITC.

Interpretation of Section 16 of the CGST Act

Before delving into Section 16(4), it's crucial to grasp the broader context of Section 16:

  • Section 16(1): Allows every registered taxpayer to claim credit of ITC subject to the condition and restriction as mentioned in section 49.
  • Section 16(2): Draws conditions under which a registered person may claim ITC:
    • Supply of goods or services or both for consideration and issuance of tax invoice or debit note.
    • The delivery of the goods or services.
    • Payment of the ITC incurred on the goods to the Government.
    • Filing of a return under section 39.
  • Section 16(3): The rule is that if the taxpayer has claimed depreciation on the tax portion, this does not permit ITC on capital goods.
  • Section 16(4): Restrictions shall apply to any invoice or debit note claiming ITC. These restrictions will be in effect until the end of the year in which the invoice or debit note was issued or the annual return is filed, whichever comes first. This takes effect after the 30th of November of the following year.

Major Issues with Section 16(4) of CGST Act

Some courts have adopted constitutional interpretation to Section 16(4) and have interpreted that for availing ITC, one must meet only those conditions mentioned in Section 16(2). However, when interpreting Section 16 and the principles of statutory interpretation, it is evident that Sections 16(2), 16(3), and 16(4) form a part of restrictions regarding the scope and operation of ITC claims.

Supreme Court Observations

Thus, the Hon’ble Supreme Court has held that the taxpayers are under a statutory obligation to self-assess the eligible ITC under section 16(1) and section 16(2). This self-assessment involves:

  • Calculating the GST that is due.
  • Taxpayers must meet certain statutory requirements in order to fulfill the necessary obligations of tax returns for the taxable period. For the taxable period, companies must meet a number of conditions set by the requirements.
  • This is because people have been using the common source of information like invoices, receipts, books of accounts instead of the portal, which greatly reduces efficiency.

Here are some practical tips for compliance:

To ensure smooth ITC claims and avoid penalties, businesses should:

  • Maintain Accurate Records: All the invoices and debit notes must be maintained properly for which it is important.
  • Monitor Vendor Compliance: Greatly reduce the time it takes for the ITC to be reflected in the GSTR-2B when the vendor files the GSTR-1.
  • Claim Timely ITC: Greatly reduce the time specified for availing ITC within the financial year, or by the end of November of the following year.
  • Verify Vendor Filings: Make sure that vendors have filled their returns in the right manner sometimes may be time consuming.
  • Address Mismatches Promptly: It is advisable that there is no discrepancy between the details mentioned in GSTR-2A/2B and GSTR-3B so that no demand is raised by the tax authorities.

Utilizing the BMA-VLCR Report

The BMA-VLCR report is one of the reference materials that would enable organizations to follow the provisions of GST. Businesses benefit by using reports to identify vendor non-compliance early.The report monitors vendors' compliance with GST laws and addresses issues. Examiners assess and compare claims with BMA-VLCR report to ensure accuracy and financial security.


While discussing the GST compliance where the law is quite specific with regard to the requirements of the businesses, one cannot afford to ignore Section 16 of the CGST Act, 2017. Some of these are record keeping, compliance by the vendors, claiming ITC within the stipulated time, cross verification of the vendor’s returns and handling of any discrepancy if found. The BMA-VLCR report also helps in enhancing the efficiency and effectiveness in managing GST compliance to ensure statutory compliance and ITC rights of organizations. Therefore, businesses should actively address GST issues and prepare to handle them to avoid penalties and maintain a stable business. Stay current, and compliant and safeguard your business against GST problems.

Stay current, stay legal, and safeguard your enterprise from the legalities of GST compliance.

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